Mobility and connectivity is a social, economic and prosperity need of a region. It certainly influences how people are connected to their place of work, education, leisure or social services and their recreational spaces. The experts opine that the urban connectivity has to be seamless introducing a new dimension in urban mobility which ensures reliable, sustainable and well integrated high capacity public transportation facility to the citizens. This happens with the movement of different progressive forces integrating together and as people shape the pattern of an urban infrastructural development the seamless connectivity in the urban transportation model has to be implemented in close coordination with planning of land usages and large scale infrastructural developments.
Advantages of seamless Connectivity:
An integrated network of transport means several options of transport in terms of speed, availability, quality, cost and comfort and ease of access. The experts opine that the urbanization with seamless connectivity that ensures physical and economic growth is not only restricted to special zones or pockets but should be balanced and sustainable too. Thus if a comprehensive development plan is chalked out it should focus on the ease of connectivity and mobility.
A Perspective of Bengaluru
Government of Karnataka in improving Bangalore’s physical infrastructure and developing major infrastructure projects to encourage overall economic development and has taken many proactive measures. The BBMP has undertaken plans of 3, 500 km of road including 250 km of arterial roads and National highways which counts for another 100 km. It has plans for 38, 000 intersections, 162 signalized road intersections, 41,000 small roads and 600 manual intersections. The city’s Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) have 2, 400 km of road networks. The Outer Ring Road or the ORR has a 7 to 10 km distance from the centre of the city covering a total distance of 62 km and connects all major roads and the highways too, inside and around Bengaluru. But it has been noticed that of late the ORR has also become like the city roads with the local traffic plying and many signaled intersections with development of flyovers all around. Along with this, it can be expected that completion of the Metro rail project will also decongest the traffic on the roads of Bangalore.
Presently the Phase I of Metro railway between Byappanahalli and M.G. Road and the stretch between Sampige Road and Peenya are operational and Reach I is expected to start functioning by next year. The planned Peripheral ring road (PRR) will surely decongest the city roads to a considerable extent and the ORR too by connecting the key roads seamlessly.
Areas that will benefit from this seamless connectivity:
The experts and city planners points out that the areas that will benefit from the seamless connectivity of Bengaluru are Bellary Road, Hosur Road, Tumkur Road, Electronic City and ORR and its surroundings.
Micro-Markets and Pockets of growth
The experts point out those areas in and around Hebbal has shown significant influx of migration and development due to infrastructure growth and connectivity. The statistics reveal that about 10.3 million sq. ft. of office space has become operational and another 4.6 million is under construction. When it comes to residential units about 3000 apartments are under construction in Hebbal and adjoining areas with 0.13 million sq. ft. of retail space being available to the inhabitants of the area.
The town planners have also noticed that ORR has been the reason for development of areas like Bellary road with increased residential and commercial activities being observed after the construction of the elevated expressway. The international airport and the Metro railway have already marked the beginning of increased residential preference and commercial activity in and around Tumkur Road. Similarly Hosur Road is also bustling with improved residential and commercial activities too due to the elevated express ways from Electronic City to Silk Board junction.
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